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Milk allergy and infants !
Having 2 kids (grown up adults now), i never had to deal with the mix of milk allergy and infants. On the other hand my daughter kind of developed to be lactose intolerant as a young adult, she did what she had to do, and remove lactose from her diet.
But, nowadays, there is so many tasty products with no lactose (lactose free milk, almond milk etc…)
She is doing pretty good, no problems. With the right diet, being careful, taking the time to read labels and stay informed …
It’s not a big deal for her, she is having a great lifestyle!
On the other side being allergic to (cow milk) , can be more serious and life threatening if it is not taken care of.
I want to pinpoint something before we continue…
Let’s look at the difference between Milk Allergy and Lactose intolerance.
What Is a Milk Allergy?
When a baby is allergic to milk, it means that his or her immune system, which normally fights infections, overreacts to proteins in cow’s milk. Every time the child has milk, the body thinks these proteins are harmful invaders and works hard to fight them. This causes an allergic reaction in which the body releases chemicals like histamine .
Cow’s milk is the leading cause of allergic reactions in young children and one of eight foods that are responsible for 90 percent of childhood allergies. The other seven are eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, fish, shellfish, and wheat.
Lactose intolerance !
People with lactose intolerance are unable to fully digest the sugar (lactose) in milk. As a result, they have diarrhea, gas and bloating after eating or drinking dairy products. The condition, which is also called lactose malabsorption, is usually harmless, but its symptoms can be uncomfortable.
Too little of an enzyme produced in your small intestine (lactase) is usually responsible for lactose intolerance. You can have low levels of lactase and still be able to digest milk products. But if your levels are too low you become lactose intolerant, leading to symptoms after you eat or drink dairy.
Devising a diary of what and when you eat could help you to pinpoint the problem.
Most people with lactose intolerance can manage the condition without having to give up all dairy foods.
Back to those little loved ones!
Take a break and watch this (3 min. video), To put some light on the subject!
Symptoms of milk allergies in babies
- Frequent spitting up
- Signs of abdominal pain, or colic-like symptoms, such as excessive crying and irritability (especially after feedings)
- Blood in stool
- A scaly skin rash
- Coughing or wheezing**
- Watery eyes and stuffy nose
- Trouble breathing or a bluish skin color
- Swelling (especially of the mouth and throat)
The severity of allergic reactions to milk can vary. The same child can react differently with each exposure. This means that even though one reaction was mild, the next could be more severe and even life-threatening.
Often, children with a milk allergy will have a slow reaction. This means symptoms will develop over time, from several hours to days later.
**Symptoms that occur quickly (within seconds to hours)
- Coughing or wheezing
Although rare, it’s possible for a child with a milk allergy to have a serious reaction known as anaphylactic shock.
Anaphylactic shock may cause swelling of the throat and mouth, a drop in blood pressure, and trouble breathing. It can also lead to cardiac arrest. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical attention and is treated with epinephrine (EpiPen) in the form of a shot.
Infants who are breastfed have a lower risk of developing a milk allergy than those who are formula fed. But researchers don’t fully understand why some develop a milk allergy and others don’t, though it’s believed that in many cases, the allergy is genetic.
If your baby is formula-fed, your pediatrician will suggest switching to a different formula. Because many babies with milk allergies are also allergic to soy (and to goat’s milk), the doctor may suggest a hypoallergenic formula with hydrolysate protein, which has milk proteins that are already partly broken down, so it’s less likely to cause a reaction.
If you’re breastfeeding, your pediatrician will likely recommend that you ditch dairy in your diet to see whether that makes a difference to your baby. Of course making a major change to your diet is probably the last thing you want to think about when dealing with a fussy newborn, but it may very well resolve the issue. If you do eliminate dairy, be sure to talk with your doctor about how to make sure you’re still getting enough calcium and other nutrients in your diet.
Hypoallergenic formulas available
1-Extensively hydrolyzed formulas have cow’s milk proteins that are broken down into small particles so they’re less allergenic than the whole proteins in regular formulas. Most infants who have a milk
allergy can tolerate these formulas, but in some cases, they still provoke allergic reactions.
2-Amino acid-based infant formulas, which contain protein in its simplest form (amino acids are the building blocks of proteins). This may be recommended if your baby’s condition doesn’t improve even after a switch to a hydrolyzed formula.
“Partially hydrolyzed” formulas also are on the market, but aren’t considered truly hypoallergenic and can still provoke a significant allergic reaction
Goat’s milk, rice milk, or almond milks are not safe and are not recommended for infants.
If it turns out that your newborn is one of the 2 to 3 percent of babies who has a milk allergy, don’t despair. Many children outgrow a milk allergy by the time they’re around 1 year old, and the majority of babies with milk allergies outgrow the condition by about age 3.
Cow’s Milk and Allergy
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The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
It is only informational !